Although some scholars insist that shamanism is the preserve of circum-Arctic regions, the peoples who live in the many islands of Oceania in the Pacific often employ religious leaders who use trance and manipulate sources of power to engage with otherthanhuman persons to the benefit of their communities or in their defense against aggressors. If the boundaries between shamans, on the one hand, and mediums and prophets, on the other, are fluid, the subject matter for consideration is vast. Also, since shamans elsewhere are frequently employed as diviners and mediators and are frequently accused of being sorcerers or witches, plenty of Oceanic equivalents can be found. It has become traditional to divide the islands of Oceania into Polynesia, Micronesia, and Melanesia. Regional influences from South and East Asia, Aboriginal Australia, North America, and South America have also been present in traditional cultures even prior to the effects of colonialism and globalization.

Historical dictionary of shamanism. . 2007.

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  • Oceanía — es una región insular de la Tierra, constituida por Australia, Papúa Nueva Guinea y Nueva Zelanda, así como los archipiélagos coralinos y volcánicos de Micronesia, Polinesia y Melanesia, distribuidas por el Océano Pacífico. Comúnmente el conjunto …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Oceania — ist eine australische wissenschaftliche Fachzeitschrift. Ihr voller Titel lautete anfangs Oceania. A Journal Devoted to the Study of the Native Peoples of Australia, New Guinea and the Islands of the Pacific Ocean. Die Zeitschrift wurde 1930… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Oceania — prop. n. A large group of islands in the south Pacific sometimes including Australasia and the Malay Archipelago. Syn: Oceanica. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Oceania — southern Pacific island and Australia, conceived as a continent, 1849, Modern Latin, from Fr. Océanie (c.1812). Apparently coined by Danish geographer Conrad Malte Brun (1755 1826). Earlier in English as Oceanica (1832). Oceania was the name of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Oceania — [ō΄shē an′i kəō΄shē an′ē ə] islands in the Pacific, including Melanesia, Micronesia, & Polynesia (incl. New Zealand) &, sometimes, Australia & the Malay Archipelago: also Oceanica [ō΄shē an′i kə] Oceanian adj., n …   English World dictionary

  • Oceania — South West Pacific redirects here. For the World War II theatre, see South West Pacific theatre of World War II. For other uses, see Oceania (disambiguation). An orthographic projection of the Pacific Ocean showing much of Oceania …   Wikipedia

  • Oceanía — Para otros usos de este término, véase Oceanía (desambiguación). Oceanía Supe …   Wikipedia Español

  • Océania — L Océania est un pays fictif, présent dans le roman 1984 de George Orwell. Elle comprend l Amérique du Nord, l Amérique du Sud, l Océanie, l Afrique du Sud, le Royaume Uni et l Australie. Dans le roman, elle fait partie des trois régimes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Oceania — Oceanian, adj., n. /oh shee an ee euh, ah nee euh/, n. the islands of the central and S Pacific, including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia, and traditionally Australasia. 23,400,000; ab. 3,450,000 sq. mi. (8,935,500 sq. km). Also, Oceanica /oh… …   Universalium

  • Oceania — geographical name the lands of the central & S Pacific including Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia (including New Zealand), often Australia, & sometimes the Malay Archipelago • Oceanian adjective or noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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